Inflammation

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The inflammation process is an important stage in healing. But when the inflammation is prolonged then it can cause discomfort and irritation in the affected area.
Symptoms of inflammation:
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Immobility
  • Swelling
  • Increased temperature
 
Inflammation is categorized as acute or chronic.
 
Acute inflammation is one that begins quickly and becomes severe in a short period of time. Signs and symptoms usually only appear for a few days, but may persist for a few weeks in some cases.
 
Chronic inflammation refers to long-term inflammation that lasts for several months, even years. It can result from an inability to eliminate the factor that caused the acute inflammation, due to some autoimmune disorder or repeated irritation of the area.

Ankle Sprain

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Ankle sprain is the traumatic tear (cross section) of various ligaments of the joint, but without fracture of the bones. Sometimes, an ankle sprain coexists with a bone fracture, so it is a mixed traumatic injury.

There are 3 degrees of sprain:

1st degree sprains: Slight tear, sprain of ligaments
2nd degree sprains: Partial rupture of the ligaments
3rd degree sprains: Complete rupture of the ligaments

Symptoms: Pain, edema (swelling), stiffness, lameness (the person limps) and hematoma (2nd + 3rd degree)

Frozen Shoulder

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Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder, is a distinct clinical condition, with main characteristics of sudden or gradual chronic pain in the shoulder and limitation of all movements of the joint, both active and passive, in all directions, without particularly pathological findings in the x-rays of the shoulder.

Acute stage:
There is sudden night pain. The mobility of the shoulder joint is limited and particularly painful.

Subacute stage:
Pain subsides slightly, mobility remains limited, periarticular muscles atrophy, and there is permanent stiffness. All movements of the upper limb are performed exclusively by the scapula.

Impingement Syndrome

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Impingement syndrome is an overuse shoulder injury. It is created by the friction of the rotator cuff tendons with the acromion which is a bony protrusion of the shoulder blade above the upper arm (humerus). Thus the tendons impinge, become irritated and inflamed as they pass through the subacromial space. This leads to pain, weakness and loss of movement in the shoulder joint.

Trigger Point

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The myofascial trigger point or trigger point is a hypersensitive point in the muscle, which is characterized as active when it is painful on pressure or projects (reflects) pain to some area of the body far from it, while limiting the mobility of the area and reducing muscle strength.

Treatment:
  • Shock Wave Therapy
  • Ischemic pressure
  • Dry Needle